TitleSortase-mediated segmental labeling: A method for segmental assignment of intrinsically disordered regions in proteins.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsBoyko KV, Rosenkranz EA, Smith DM, Miears HL, Cheikh MOueld Es, Lund MZ, Young JC, Reardon PN, Okon M, Smirnov SL, Antos JM
JournalPLoS One
Volume16
Issue10
Paginatione0258531
Date Published2021
ISSN1932-6203
Abstract

A significant number of proteins possess sizable intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs). Due to the dynamic nature of IDRs, NMR spectroscopy is often the tool of choice for characterizing these segments. However, the application of NMR to IDRs is often hindered by their instability, spectral overlap and resonance assignment difficulties. Notably, these challenges increase considerably with the size of the IDR. In response to these issues, here we report the use of sortase-mediated ligation (SML) for segmental isotopic labeling of IDR-containing samples. Specifically, we have developed a ligation strategy involving a key segment of the large IDR and adjacent folded headpiece domain comprising the C-terminus of A. thaliana villin 4 (AtVLN4). This procedure significantly reduces the complexity of NMR spectra and enables group identification of signals arising from the labeled IDR fragment, a process we refer to as segmental assignment. The validity of our segmental assignment approach is corroborated by backbone residue-specific assignment of the IDR using a minimal set of standard heteronuclear NMR methods. Using segmental assignment, we further demonstrate that the IDR region adjacent to the headpiece exhibits nonuniform spectral alterations in response to temperature. Subsequent residue-specific characterization revealed two segments within the IDR that responded to temperature in markedly different ways. Overall, this study represents an important step toward the selective labeling and probing of target segments within much larger IDR contexts. Additionally, the approach described offers significant savings in NMR recording time, a valuable advantage for the study of unstable IDRs, their binding interfaces, and functional mechanisms.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0258531
Alternate JournalPLoS One
PubMed ID34710113
PubMed Central IDPMC8553144