TitleMultivalency, autoinhibition, and protein disorder in the regulation of interactions of dynein intermediate chain with dynactin and the nuclear distribution protein.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsJara KA, Loening NM, Reardon PN, Yu Z, Woonnimani P, Brooks C, Vesely CH, Barbar EJ
JournalElife
Volume11
Date Published2022 Nov 23
ISSN2050-084X
KeywordsCryoelectron Microscopy, Dynactin Complex, Dyneins, Microtubule-Associated Proteins, Microtubules, Nuclear Proteins, Protein Binding
Abstract

As the only major retrograde transporter along microtubules, cytoplasmic dynein plays crucial roles in the intracellular transport of organelles and other cargoes. Central to the function of this motor protein complex is dynein intermediate chain (IC), which binds the three dimeric dynein light chains at multivalent sites, and dynactin p150 and nuclear distribution protein (NudE) at overlapping sites of its intrinsically disordered N-terminal domain. The disorder in IC has hindered cryo-electron microscopy and X-ray crystallography studies of its structure and interactions. Here we use a suite of biophysical methods to reveal how multivalent binding of the three light chains regulates IC interactions with p150 and NudE. Using IC from , a tractable species to interrogate IC interactions, we identify a significant reduction in binding affinity of IC to p150 and a loss of binding to NudE for constructs containing the entire N-terminal domain as well as for full-length constructs when compared to the tight binding observed with short IC constructs. We attribute this difference to autoinhibition caused by long-range intramolecular interactions between the N-terminal single α-helix of IC, the common site for p150, and NudE binding, and residues closer to the end of the N-terminal domain. Reconstitution of IC subcomplexes demonstrates that autoinhibition is differentially regulated by light chains binding, underscoring their importance both in assembly and organization of IC, and in selection between multiple binding partners at the same site.

DOI10.7554/eLife.80217
Alternate JournalElife
PubMed ID36416224
PubMed Central IDPMC9771362
Grant ListS10 OD018518 / OD / NIH HHS / United States