TitleIntrinsic disorder and amino acid specificity modulate binding of the WW2 domain in kidney and brain protein (KIBRA) to synaptopodin.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsKwok E, Rodriguez DJ, Kremerskothen J, Nyarko A
JournalJ Biol Chem
Date Published2019 Nov 15

The second WW domain (WW2) of the kidney and brain scaffolding protein, KIBRA, has an isoleucine (Ile-81) rather than a second conserved tryptophan and is primarily unstructured. However, it adopts the canonical triple-stranded antiparallel β-sheet structure of WW domains when bound to a two-PPY motif peptide of the synaptic protein Dendrin. Here, using a series of biophysical experiments, we demonstrate that the WW2 domain remains largely disordered when bound to a 69-residue two-PPY motif polypeptide of the synaptic and podocyte protein synaptopodin (SYNPO). Isothermal titration calorimetry and CD experiments revealed that the interactions of the disordered WW2 domain with SYNPO are significantly weaker than SYNPO's interactions with the well-folded WW1 domain and that an I81W substitution in the WW2 domain neither enhances binding affinity nor induces substantial WW2 domain folding. In the tandem polypeptide, the two WW domains synergized, enhancing the overall binding affinity with the I81W variant tandem polypeptide 2-fold compared with the WT polypeptide. Solution NMR results showed that SYNPO binding induces small but definite chemical shift perturbations in the WW2 domain, confirming the disordered state of the WW2 domain in this complex. These analyses also disclosed that SYNPO binds the tandem WW domain polypeptide in an antiparallel manner, that is, the WW1 domain binds the second PPY motif of SYNPO. We propose a binding model consisting of a bipartite interaction mode in which the largely disordered WW2 forms a "fuzzy" complex with SYNPO. This binding mode may be important for specific cellular functions.

Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
PubMed ID31597702
PubMed Central IDPMC6873182
Grant ListS10 OD018518 / OD / NIH HHS / United States