TitleDegradation of G-Type Nerve Agent Simulant with Phase-Inverted Spherical Polymeric-MOF Catalysts.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsKiaei K, Nord MT, Chiu N-C, Stylianou KC
JournalACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published2022 May 04

For the neutralization of chemical warfare agents (CWAs), the generation of an effective catalyst that can be handled safely and applied in personal protective equipment is required. Recently, zirconium-based metal-organic frameworks (Zr-MOFs: UiO-66 and UiO-67) have shown great promise in the degradation of CWAs, including nerve agents. Their catalytic activity is owed to the interplay of both Zr(IV) Lewis acids and Lewis basic groups in the MOF structure. The latter act as proximal bases that can interact with CWAs and improve the catalytic activity of Zr-MOFs. The powder form of MOFs, though, makes them impractical catalysts, as it is challenging to handle, regenerate, and reuse them. To address this challenge, we have synthesized three Zr-MOFs with Lewis basic amino and pyridine functionalities and shaped them in spherical polymeric beads using the phase inversion method. Using this method, we can generate beads with many polymer and MOF combinations (MOF@polymer). We controlled the MOF loading in these beads, and scanning electron microscopy images revealed that the MOF crystals are evenly distributed in the polymeric matrix, ensuring effective catalytic activity. We used these beads to degrade dimethyl -nitrophenyl phosphate (DMNP), a simulant for the G-type nerve agent. Using P NMR, we showed that UiO-66-NH@PES and UiO-67-(NH)@PES PES: poly(ether sulfone) beads destruct DMNP to dimethyl phosphate (DMP) with a half-life () of 5.09 and 4.34 min, respectively. Beads made of hydrophobic polymers such as poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF), polystyrene (PS), and Zr-MOFs with pyridine functionalities show that the quantitative hydrolysis of DMNP requires more time compared to that seen with the UiO-66-NH@PES beads. Our work highlights the facile shaping of MOF powders into beads that can be easily regenerated with their catalytic activity to be maintained for at least three cycles of use.

Alternate JournalACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PubMed ID35445601